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An abnormal Pap smear indicates irregularities in the cells of the cervix; often, it’s a sign of an infection or inflammation. It’s essential to seek treatment as this can at times, potentially point to early signs of cervical cancer or other issues.
Colposcopy is a procedure in which a special magnifying instrument called a colposcope is used to closely examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for signs of abnormal cells, often following an abnormal Pap smear result or as part of cervical cancer screening.
Cone biopsy, also known as conization or conisation, is a surgical procedure in which a cone-shaped piece of tissue is removed from the cervix or, less commonly, from other areas of the lower female reproductive tract. It is typically performed to diagnose or treat conditions such as cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer. The procedure can also be used to remove abnormal or precancerous tissue from the cervix. Cone biopsy allows for a more detailed examination of the tissue and can help in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical conditions.
LEEP stands for "Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure." It is a procedure used to remove abnormal cervical tissue, particularly when there are precancerous or dysplastic changes detected.
During a LEEP procedure, a thin wire loop carrying an electrical current is used to cut away the abnormal tissue from the cervix. LEEP is often performed as a treatment to prevent the progression of cervical abnormalities and reduce the risk of cervical cancer. It is a relatively simple and commonly used outpatient procedure.